The Indus Dispute: 7 Reasons Why It Arose


The Indus Waters Treaty is considered a key example of India–Pakistan cooperation, which had a critical influence on the state-making in both countries. However, high stake tensions over the Indus system persist.

In 2011, 145 million Pakistanis and 83 million Indians lived in the basin. Roughly 61 percent of the basin’s irrigated area lies in Pakistan, constituting 90 percent of Pakistan’s agricultural land. For north-western India, too, the basin’s water resources are critical.

Daniel Haines in his new book, Indus Divided, reveals the importance of the Indus basin river system and the controversial control over it after the partition of India in 1947. Here are six reasons from the book that capture the causes of the dispute.


Indus Divided
examines the discord at local, national and international levels. It argues that we can only explain its importance and longevity in light of India and Pakistan’s state-building initiatives after independence.

Get your copy of the book here!

The Penguin India Blog

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